I shall not survive you, October 2018, giclée print. Size 59.4 × 84 cm

The Hortus project is an open investigation into the nature of seemingly common objects through ‘Floriography’, urban gardens, and the history of female rights. The Hortus was inspired by urban gardens in West Amsterdam and created with its plants. The ‘Hortus’ is referring to the multifaceted roles of flowers discovered with Floriography, cryptological communication through the use or arrangement of flowers.

Hortus departs from the 19th-century Victorian sentimental book “Language of Flowers” by Kate Greenway, in which botanical notes, illustrations and the vocabulary of flowers became ways of interpreting symbolism and creating a covert means of communication in both courtship and broader life.

The exploration of my immediate surroundings through plants is paralleled with exploration in general. I searched for the meanings of the found flora in the multilayered connotations of flowers and their 19th-century symbolism. In the “Language of Flowers”, every ower/plant is given a symbolic meaning. Using those meanings I translated my flower still lifes into poetry. According to the book, Barberry means “Sourness of temper”, Hydrangea is “Heartlessness”, Appletree is “Temptation” and Crocus means “Abuse not”.

I choose to work with mirrors because of their nature. Although a reflection seems accurate, things never appear in a mirror as they are. It’s always a distorted image. In my layered photographs, mirrors correspond to multiple meanings of known objects. I am also fascinated with the multiple social-historical roles of flowers. For example, botany was one of the first subjects women were allowed to study in universities in the 19th century. In my photographs, I construct a visual maze, which provides various visual possibilities. As history provides several perspectives to look at the same things.

The resulting works skate along the edges of emotion while leaving the viewer haunted by the multiplicity of the interpretations of emotive plants and their power to sway humans. In this work, I refer to the multifaceted roles of flowers in the history of humanity and the history of female rights. Sentimental Victorian flower books were used purely for entertainment and were considered talismans of gentility and femininity. Gradually pieces of botany appeared in these gentle books; later botany became an acceptable form of scientific learning for nineteenth-century women. 

The project consists of 12 still lives made of seasonal Amsterdam plants throughout  12 months.


Installation view ‘Hortus’, 2020.  The Studio, Amsterdam, NL

Installation view ‘Hortus’, 2020.  The Studio, Amsterdam, NL

'Sourness of temper', May 2018,  giclée print, 65 × 80 cm


'Rustic Oracle',  April 2018, giclée print, 65 × 80 cm

'Fantastic extravagance' , November 2018, giclée print, 59.4 × 84 cm

'Knowing there is no failure', September 2018, giclée print, 59.4 × 84 cm

Installation view 'Hortus', 2020.  The Studio, Amsterdam, NL

Installation view 'Hortus', 2020.  The Studio, Amsterdam, NL

Lecture - performance: 'Floriography', 2018, The Perennial Institute, Berlin


Installation view, "Hortus", 2018, Twoffice gallery, Seoul, KR

Installation view, "Hortus", 2018, Twoffice gallery, Seoul, KR

'Sharpness', 'A Boaster', 2018 from Hortus project. Inkjet print, 20,9 x 29cm
Installation view, Foam Editions gallery, Amsterdam, NL


Blink Magazine, Nr 53, 2019, Seoul, KR